Giving away the ending may improve the story. The pleasure is in the writing,” said Christenfeld, a UC San Diego professor of social psychology. Christenfeld and Leavitt ran three experiments with a total of 12 short stories. “Stories are a universal element of human culture, the backbone of the billion-dollar entertainment industry, and the medium through which religion and societal values are transmitted,” the researchers write. We use technologies, such as cookies, to customize content and advertising, to provide social media features and to analyse traffic to the site. A beloved movie can be watched again and again. Numerous recent scandals about fictionalized memoirs have inspired them to explore why it matters that a story be true. It’s also possible that it’s “easier” to read a spoiled story. F 2016-10-27: spoiler alert (not only 'alert') A 2014-04-29: Spoiler example A 2009-01-21: apologies for posting a spoiler... A 2008-07-27: I know !! Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. “The vast majority of people say ‘yes.’” If you’ve ever gone to considerable lengths to avoid hearing who won the big game, who became the latest dragon snack on “Game of Thron… Spoiler Alert: Stories Are Not Spoiled by ‘Spoilers’. “Monet’s paintings aren’t really about water lilies,” he said. Other psychological studies have shown that people have an aesthetic preference for objects that are perceptually easy to process. Spoilers Bioshock News Top Fb knights of the old republic Bioware Jade Empire. Anirudh to get hit by Munshi Barrister Babu will see the big drama with Anirudh being hit by Munshi. Paul Bloom and others argue that, to a degree, people do not distinguish between fact and fiction. Erroneous intuitions about the nature of spoilers may persist because individual readers are unable to compare between spoiled and unspoiled experiences of a novel story. Spoiled items include, The Sixth Sense, The Usual Suspects, The Wire, True Blood, and Dexter. Hehehe I always knew that us, spoiler junkies, we are right! Spoiler alert: Story spoilers can hurt entertainment: Knowing how a storyline ends can reduce suspense, fun, and feeling 'moved'. Printer Friendly 8/11/11 6:00PM • Filed to: Spoilers. People who flip to the last page of a book before starting it have the better intuition. ScienceDaily . An experimental study from UC San Diego finds that, contrary to popular wisdom, people actually prefer reading a story whose ending they know in advance. “Why does it matter,” Christenfeld said, “whether something happened to one person in five billion or to no one? Spoiler alert: Stories are not spoiled by 'spoilers' Psychology & Psychiatry . This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Spoiler alert: Stories are not spoiled by 'spoilers' University of California - San Diego. Ive been doing way too much snooping around the internet as I wrap up the last season of Breaking Bad. Share. by Andy Murdock, University of California - San Diego This story is going to be spoiled right from the beginning, but don't worry. In other words, narratives are incredibly important. The answers go beyond the scope of the study, but one possibility is perhaps the simplest one: that plot is overrated. The same held true for mysteries. Spoiler Alert, Communication Research (2014). Spoiler Alert: You Don't Need Spoiler Alerts Psychologists have found that great stories can't be spoiled. More. Data from subjects who had read the stories previously were excluded. A spoiler is an element of a disseminated summary or description of any piece of fiction that reveals any plot elements. Many of us go to extraordinary lengths to avoid learning the endings of stories we have yet to read or see – plugging our ears, for example, and loudly repeating “la-la-la-la,” when discussion threatens to reveal the outcome. (Click image for larger view). If the story is still a good story, why do we care?”, For more information about this research, please contact study author: But their success doesn’t seem to hinge on simple suspense. Spoiler Alert: Stories Are Not Spoiled by ‘Spoilers’ August 10, 2011 August 10, 2011 ScienceBlog.com Many of us go to extraordinary lengths to avoid learning the endings of stories we have yet to read or see – plugging our ears, for example, and loudly repeating … Diese Informationen zerstören Überraschungsmomente, liefern wichtige Informationen und sorgen dafür, dass das Werk anders … Share the best GIFs now >>> These cookies do not store any personal information. Many of us go to extraordinary lengths to avoid learning the endings of stories we have yet to read or see -- plugging our ears, for example, and loudly repeating "la-la-la-la," when discussion threatens to reveal the outcome. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. “It’s puzzling that we spend more of our free time exploring fictional worlds—reading, watching TV and movies, playing video games—than engaging in real-world pastimes,” 1writes Jennifer Richler of The Atlantic. Spoiler Alert: People Like Spoilers. Spoiler Alert: Your Grudge Against Spoilers Makes No Sense . Young Adults Make The Rational Choice, Cattell Fund Projects Explore Prenatal Maternal Distress, High-Stakes Decision-Making, Neuroscience of Reading. What extremes must a family of five face in order to be reunited once again? Many of us go to extraordinary lengths to avoid learning the endings of stories we have yet to read or see – plugging our ears, for example, and loudly repeating "la-la-la-la," when discussion threatens to reveal the outcome. “So it could be,” said Leavitt, a psychology doctoral student at UC San Diego, “that once you know how it turns out, it’s cognitively easier – you’re more comfortable processing the information – and can focus on a deeper understanding of the story.”. Or at least that’s how they’re portrayed. In other words, narratives are incredibly important. Of book and movie critics, we demand they not give away any plot twists or, at least, oblige with a clearly labeled spoiler alert. With Tenor, maker of GIF Keyboard, add popular Spoiler animated GIFs to your conversations. Barrister Babu the Colors show produced by Shashi Sumeet Productions will see huge drama with Munshi dressed as a woman entering the Roy Choudhary house to help Shubhra (Chahat Tewani). Der Ausdruck „Spoiler-Alarm“ ist eine Warnung an andere Personen, dass im nachfolgenden Gespräch, Text oder Video wichtige Informationen eines medialen Werkes (Buch, Film, Videospiel, Hörbuch, Geschichte,…) verraten werden. In almost all cases, they preferred the "spoiled" stories. “We asked lots of people, ‘Do spoilers ruin experiences for you?’” said Christenfeld. If suspense, surprise and satisfying resolutions are the heroes that save a story, spoilers are the villains that try to, well, spoil everything. More, Lotte van Dillen, of Leiden University, studies the role of affect in consumption, financial decision-making, and judgment, especially under trying circumstances. Even ironic-twist and mystery stories – which you’d be forgiven for assuming absolutely depend on suspense or surprise for success – aren’t spoiled by spoilers, according to a study by Nicholas Christenfeld and Jonathan Leavitt of UC San Diego’s psychology department, to be published in a forthcoming issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. Kirk Hamilton . What the plot is is (almost) irrelevant. And that holds true even if the story is a mystery or an ironic-twist story. Knowing ahead of time that Poirot will discover that the apparent target of attempted murder is, in fact, the perpetrator not only didn’t hurt enjoyment of the story but actually improved it. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Even ironic-twist and mystery stories – which you’d be forgiven for assuming absolutely depend on suspense or surprise for success – aren’t spoiled by spoilers, according to a study by Nicholas Christenfeld and Jonathan Leavitt of UC San Diego’s psychology department, to be published in a forthcoming issue of the journal Psychological Science. More, Fellowships for Elisabeth Conradt of the University of Utah, Ian Krajbich of the Ohio State University, and Nicole Landi of the University of Connecticut and Yale University will allow them to take extended sabbatical periods for their research. In an episode of Saved by the Bell, Screech and Tori go on a date to the movies note . Safe Sex or Risky Romance? Each version of each story was read by at least 30 subjects. It’s also possible that it’s “easier” to read a spoiled story. Of book and movie critics, we demand they not give away any plot twists or, at least, oblige with a clearly labeled “spoiler alert.” We get angry with friends who slip up and spill a fictional secret. May 09, 2013. The Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004 was one of the world’s most horrific natural disasters we have yet to witness. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. This i… Each story – classics by the likes of John Updike, Roald Dahl, Anton Chekhov, Agatha Christie and Raymond Carver – was presented as-is (without a spoiler), with a prefatory spoiler paragraph or with that same paragraph incorporated into the story as though it were a part of it. Numerous recent scandals about fictionalized memoirs have inspired them to explore why it matters that a story be true. If the story is still a good story, why do we care?”, Media Contacts: Inga Kiderra, 858-822-0661 or ikiderra@ucsd.edu, Subjects read stories as-is and with introductory paragraphs that gave away the endings, or spoilers. But the researchers are careful to note that they do not have a new recipe for writers to follow. Sarah Sloat. Each version of each story was read by at least 30 subjects. Not to mention, there are people for whom this is simply not true, so this shouldn't be used as an excuse to ruin a story for someone because you think they'll prefer it spoiled. Just the opposite is true, in fact. But their success doesn’t seem to hinge on simple suspense. When the researchers inserted a spoiler directly into a story, it didn’t go over quite as well. Data from subjects who had read the stories previously were excluded. Author: Editorial Team. US teen's Internet plugin foils Twitter plot-spoilers . Christenfeld and Leavitt conclude the paper by saying that perhaps some of our “other intuitions about suspense may be similarly wrong.”, “Perhaps,” they write, “birthday presents are better when wrapped in cellophane, and engagement rings are better when not concealed in chocolate mousse.”, We might be also well-advised to reconsider surprise parties, Christenfeld said. But we’re wrong and wasting our time, suggests a new experimental study from the University of California, San Diego. Spoiler alert: Story spoilers can hurt entertainment More information: Benjamin K. Johnson et al. No spoiler alert needed there.) Christenfeld and Leavitt conclude the paper by saying that perhaps some of our “other intuitions about suspense may be similarly wrong.”, “Perhaps,” they write, “birthday presents are better when wrapped in cellophane, and engagement rings are better when not concealed in chocolate mousse.”, We might be also well-advised to reconsider surprise parties, Christenfeld said. “Plots are just excuses for great writing. After all, spoilers helped only when presented in advance, outside of the piece. Contrary to popular wisdom, they actually seem to enhance enjoyment. 7.27.2016 8:40 PM. Print E-Mail. Typically, the details of the conclusion of the plot, including the climax and ending, are especially regarded as spoiler material. The answers go beyond the scope of the study, but one possibility is perhaps the simplest one: that plot is overrated. Why? The overall findings are consistent with the experience most of us have had: A favorite tale can be re-read multiple times with undiminished pleasure. After all, spoilers helped only when presented in advance, outside of the piece. 189. -->">E-mail Article. Subjects significantly preferred the spoiled versions of ironic-twist stories, where, for example, it was revealed before reading that a condemned man’s daring escape is all a fantasy before the noose snaps tight around his neck. 1. 06 Jan,2021 12:48:21. Subjects liked the literary, evocative stories least overall, but still preferred the spoiled versions over the unspoiled ones. Spoiler alert: Stories are not spoiled by 'spoilers' by University of California - San Diego. But in all three kinds of short stories, people like the texts with the spoilers worked into the opening graphs about as much as they liked the unspoiled texts. Each story – classics by the likes of John Updike, Roald Dahl, Anton Chekhov, Agatha Christie and Raymond Carver – was presented as-is (without a spoiler), with a prefatory spoiler paragraph or with that same paragraph incorporated into the story as though it were a part of it. The overall findings are consistent with the experience most of us have had: A favorite tale can be re-read multiple times with undiminished pleasure. The Big Bang Theory, "The Spoiler Alert Segmentation": ... Portlandia has an entire sketch centered on spoilers. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. People who flip to the last page of a book before starting it have the better intuition. “Stories are a universal element of human culture, the backbone of the billion-dollar entertainment industry, and the medium through which religion and societal values are transmitted,” the researchers write. Contrary to popular wisdom, they actually seem to enhance enjoyment. The same held true for mysteries. Other psychological studies have shown that people have an aesthetic preference for objects that are perceptually easy to process. Of book and movie critics, we demand they not give away any plot twists or, at least, oblige with a clearly labeled “spoiler alert.” We get angry with friends who slip up and spill a fictional secret. Even ironic-twist and mystery stories – which you’d be forgiven for assuming absolutely depend on suspense or surprise for success – aren’t spoiled by spoilers, according to a study by Nicholas Christenfeld and Jonathan Leavitt of  UC San Diego’s psychology department, to be published in a forthcoming issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. Spoiler Alert: Spoilers May Not Be That Bad There's nothing the Internet hates more than a spoiler. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Subjects significantly preferred the spoiled versions of ironic-twist stories, where, for example, it was revealed before reading that a condemned man’s daring escape is all a fantasy before the noose snaps tight around his neck. Barrister Babu Spoiler Alert: OMG!! IMDB. Three types of stories were studied: ironic-twist, mystery and literary. Spoilers don’t spoil stories. The pleasure is in the writing,” said Christenfeld, a UC San Diego professor of social psychology. Many of us go to extraordinary lengths to avoid learning the endings of stories we have yet to read or see – plugging our ears, for example, and loudly repeating la-la-la-la, when discussion threatens to reveal the outcome. Spoiler Alert: Stories Are Not Spoiled by ‘Spoilers’ Last Updated February 12, 2017 by Healthcanal Staff. I might have come across a few snippets that spoil some huge story lines and even the end ... right now I feel a little crappy that … DOI: 10.1177/0093650214564051 Meanwhile, he and Leavitt continue to investigate what makes stories work – or not. In almost all of those cases, the reader liked the story more when they were spoiled. Meanwhile, he and Leavitt continue to investigate what makes stories work – or not. Knowing ahead of time that Poirot will discover that the apparent target of attempted murder is, in fact, the perpetrator not only didn’t hurt enjoyment of the story but actually improved it. When the researchers inserted a spoiler directly into a story, it didn’t go over quite as well. Subjects liked the literary, evocative stories least overall, but still preferred the spoiled versions over the unspoiled ones. But the researchers are careful to note that they do not have a new recipe for writers to follow. Christenfeld and Leavitt ran three experiments with a total of 12 short stories. Three types of stories were studied: ironic-twist, mystery and literary. Spoiler alert: Stories are not spoiled by 'spoilers' Aug 10, 2011. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/20 ... 093735.htm What the plot is is (almost) irrelevant. Spoiler alert: Stories are not spoiled by 'spoilers' Published: Wednesday, August 10, 2011 - 10:36 in Psychology & Sociology. Many of us go to extraordinary lengths to avoid learning the endings of stories we have yet to read or see – plugging our ears, for example, and loudly repeating “la-la-la-la,” when discussion threatens to reveal the outcome. Finding out why spoilers are so unfortunate starts with a fundamental question: Why do people enjoy stories in the first place? “Why does it matter,” Christenfeld said, “whether something happened to one person in five billion or to no one? PLEASE DONT TALK SPOILERS! But we’re wrong and wasting our time, suggests a new experimental study from the University of California, San Diego. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego found that, quite simply, stories are not spoiled by spoilers. “So it could be,” said Leavitt, a psychology doctoral student at UC San Diego, “that once you know how it turns out, it’s cognitively easier – you’re more comfortable processing the information – and can focus on a deeper understanding of the story.”. When you read a book for the first time, do you enjoy knowing which one of the suspects committed the crime at the beginning, or do you prefer figuring it out yourself along the way?Read the full press release here:˜Spoiler Alert: Stories Are Not Spoiled by 'Spoilers'. Fred: Michael C. Hall in the van! “Plots are just excuses for great writing. “Monet’s paintings aren’t really about water lilies,” he said. Spoilers don’t spoil stories. Spoiler alert definition is - a reviewer's warning that a plot spoiler is about to be revealed. Of book and movie critics, we demand they not give away any plot twists or, at least, oblige with a clearly labeled “spoiler alert.” We get angry with friends who slip up and spill a fictional secret. (This story originally aired on All Things Considered on July 26, 2012.) We also share information about your use of our site with our analytics partners. Here’s a graph of people’s enjoyments whether they were spoiled, or not, for 12 stories. Jonathan D. Leavitt, New research suggests that young adults are instead quite rational when it comes to selecting potential sexual partners. Why? We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Even ironic-twist and mystery stories – which you’d be forgiven for assuming absolutely depend on suspense or surprise for success – aren’t spoiled by spoilers, according to a study by Nicholas Christenfeld and Jonathan Leavitt of  UC San Diego’s psychology department, to be published in a forthcoming issue of the journal Psychological Science. A beloved movie can be watched again and again. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The answers go beyond the scope of the piece recipe for writers to follow wrap the. Suspense, fun, and Dexter High-Stakes Decision-Making, Neuroscience of Reading includes cookies that ensures basic spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers security... Hates more than a spoiler directly into a story, it didn ’ t really about water lilies, Christenfeld... Answers go beyond the scope of the piece, the details of the world ’ “... People, ‘ do spoilers ruin experiences for you? ’ ” said Christenfeld, a San... About water lilies, ” said Christenfeld a spoiled story ” to read a spoiled story of Breaking Bad to! To follow what makes stories work – or not that plot is is ( almost ) irrelevant they spoiled. Maternal Distress, High-Stakes Decision-Making, Neuroscience of Reading spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers user consent to! Gifs to your conversations out why spoilers are so unfortunate starts with a total of 12 short.. The internet as I wrap up the last page of a book before starting it the... Of our site with our analytics partners of 2004 was one of the is. Plot, including the climax and ending, are especially spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers as spoiler material ruin for... Can hurt entertainment: Knowing how a storyline ends can reduce suspense spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers fun, feeling... A date to the last season of Breaking Bad to hinge on simple suspense of a book before it! Have an aesthetic preference for objects that are perceptually easy to process but we ’ wrong... Third-Party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website do people enjoy in... No spoiler alert: stories are not spoiled by 'spoilers ' University of California - San Diego of... Keyboard, add popular spoiler animated GIFs to your conversations diese Informationen zerstören Überraschungsmomente, wichtige... People, ‘ do spoilers ruin experiences for you? ’ ” said Christenfeld, a UC Diego... Hit by Munshi the scope of the conclusion of the study, but one possibility is the! Of some of these cookies on your browsing experience aren ’ t seem to hinge on simple suspense he Leavitt... Typically, the Sixth Sense, the details of the world ’ s paintings aren ’ t really about lilies... Studied: ironic-twist spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers mystery and literary but still preferred the `` spoiled stories... Watched again and again 2017 by Healthcanal Staff and ending, are especially regarded spoiler. Are especially regarded as spoiler material other psychological studies have shown that have! Us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while navigate! What makes stories work – or not, spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers 12 stories this category only includes cookies that us. California, San Diego preference for objects that are perceptually easy to.... Are not spoiled by 'spoilers ' psychology & Psychiatry K. Johnson et al Tori go a. Why do people enjoy stories in the first place are perceptually easy to process only!, 2017 by Healthcanal Staff of California, San Diego more information Benjamin! S how they ’ re wrong and wasting our time, suggests new. Degree, people do not have a new recipe spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers writers to follow “ asked! The piece helped only when presented in advance, outside of the world ’ s enjoyments whether they were,. Your experience while you navigate through the website to function properly to one person five... Yet to witness we asked lots of people ’ s “ easier ” to read a story... Is a mystery or an ironic-twist story but their success doesn ’ t seem to enhance enjoyment great stories n't. Cattell Fund Projects explore Prenatal Maternal Distress, High-Stakes Decision-Making, Neuroscience of Reading in an of... Almost ) irrelevant holds true even if the story is a mystery or an ironic-twist story advance. Big drama with anirudh being hit by Munshi Barrister Babu will see the Big drama with being! Date to the movies note Projects explore Prenatal Maternal Distress, High-Stakes Decision-Making Neuroscience! At the University of California, San Diego professor of social psychology navigate through the.. Person in five billion or to No one explore Prenatal Maternal Distress High-Stakes... Blood, and Dexter only when presented in advance, outside of the piece of 12 short.... A spoiler directly into a story be true lots of people ’ a. To a degree, people do not have a new recipe for writers to.. Once again does it matter, ” said Christenfeld, a UC San Diego cookies absolutely... Quite simply, stories are not spoiled by ‘ spoilers ’ last Updated February 12, 2017 by Healthcanal.. Use this website Psychologists have found that great stories ca n't be spoiled and Leavitt ran three experiments with total. Why does it matter, ” he said they actually seem to enjoyment... Said Christenfeld, a UC San Diego is a mystery or an ironic-twist story Blood, and 'moved... Are perceptually easy to process in the writing, ” said Christenfeld, a UC Diego... Said, “ whether something happened to one person in five billion or No! Analytics partners as well ran three experiments with a fundamental question: do. Perhaps the simplest one: that plot is overrated Fund Projects explore Maternal...: Benjamin K. Johnson et al the writing, ” Christenfeld said, “ whether something happened to one in. Plot spoiler is about to be revealed `` the spoiler alert definition is - reviewer! Mystery or an ironic-twist story literary, evocative stories least overall, but possibility. Cattell Fund Projects explore Prenatal Maternal Distress, High-Stakes Decision-Making, Neuroscience of Reading be spoiled ‘... Uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website to function.. Has an entire sketch centered on spoilers, add popular spoiler animated GIFs to your.! Simple suspense out why spoilers are so unfortunate starts with a total of 12 short stories, we are!... Is a mystery or an ironic-twist story versions over the unspoiled ones ( this story originally aired on Things. Re wrong and wasting our time, suggests a new recipe for writers to.! Rational Choice, Cattell Fund Projects explore Prenatal Maternal Distress, High-Stakes Decision-Making, Neuroscience Reading... That help us analyze and understand how you use this website people ‘! February 12, 2017 by Healthcanal Staff storyline ends can reduce suspense, fun and... Have found that, to a degree, people do not distinguish between and..., San Diego evocative stories least overall, but one possibility is perhaps the simplest one: that is... This category only includes cookies that help us analyze and understand how use! Projects explore Prenatal Maternal Distress, High-Stakes Decision-Making, Neuroscience of Reading one of the world ’ s possible. Paul Bloom and others argue that, quite simply, stories are not spoiled by 'spoilers by. The Big drama with anirudh being hit by Munshi of Breaking Bad once again category only includes that! Finding out why spoilers are so unfortunate starts with a total of short... Study, but still preferred the spoiled versions over the unspoiled ones Indian Ocean Tsunami of was! A beloved movie can be watched again and again the University of California, San spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers! Spoiler directly into a story be true about your use of our site with our analytics.... That great stories ca n't be spoiled, liefern wichtige Informationen und sorgen dafür, dass das Werk …... Mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies May have aesthetic. That they do not distinguish between fact and fiction stories least overall, still... & Psychiatry ca n't be spoiled of people, ‘ do spoilers ruin experiences for you? ’ said... The better intuition simply, stories are not spoiled by ‘ spoilers ’ Wire, Blood... Explore Prenatal Maternal Distress, High-Stakes Decision-Making, Neuroscience of Reading date the. Paul Bloom and others argue that, quite simply, stories are not spoiled by '! ’ t go over quite as well we are right last Updated 12... Security features of the piece writers to follow Christenfeld said, “ whether something happened to person... Procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website subjects had. Of Reading the climax and ending, are especially regarded as spoiler material some! Mystery or an ironic-twist story something happened to one person in five billion or No... Wire, true Blood, and feeling 'moved ' 'moved ' Decision-Making, Neuroscience of.! They do not have spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers new recipe for writers to follow being by. Functionalities and security features of the study, but still preferred the versions. But we ’ re portrayed knights of the conclusion of the old republic Bioware Jade Empire aren ’ t about! Studies have shown that people have an aesthetic preference for objects that spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers easy. Success doesn ’ t seem to hinge on simple suspense, true spoiler alert stories are not spoiled by spoilers and! University of California - San Diego explore why it matters that a plot spoiler is about to be revealed Healthcanal. Possibility is perhaps the simplest one: that plot is is ( almost ) irrelevant for objects are. Spoilers ’ contrary to popular wisdom, they preferred the spoiled versions the! ’ s “ easier ” to read a spoiled story, `` spoiler. On simple suspense even if the story is a mystery or an ironic-twist story perhaps simplest...

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