The […] [24], Debates arose over whether "enhanced interrogation" violated U.S. anti-torture statutes or international laws such as the UN Convention against Torture. [183], According to The Washington Post the request was denied because Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey felt that "officials acted in 'good faith' when they sought legal opinions, and that the lawyers who provided them used their best judgment. [123] In response, on January 15, 2003, Rumsfeld suspended the approved interrogation tactics at Guantánamo Bay until a new set of guidelines could be produced by a working group headed by General Counsel of the Air Force Mary Walker. "The bill Congress sent me would take away one of the most valuable tools in the war on terror – the CIA program to detain and question key terrorist leaders and operatives." for certain types of torture] Deception can form an important part of effective interrogation. [38][39] They declined to prosecute CIA, US Department of Defense, or Bush administration officials who authorized the program, while leaving open the possibility of convening an investigatory "Truth Commission" for what President Obama called a "further accounting".[40]. [93], The American Psychological Association (APA), the primary professional organ of psychologists in the United States, collaborated with the Bush administration in secret to write legal and ethical justifications for the torture. The military continues to vigorously prosecute any such unlawful activity. The CIA marginalized and ignored numerous internal critiques, criticisms, and objections concerning the operation and management of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program. But for political reasons those countries are not in a position to initiate a prosecution, nor to extradite US officials to face charges. [64] Ms. Harman was the only congressional leader to object to the tactics being proposed. [263][264], On October 22, 2012, Kiriakou pleaded guilty to disclosing classified information about a fellow CIA officer that connected the covert operative to a specific operation. He was sentenced to 30 months in prison on January 25, 2013. While Jane Mayer reported for The New Yorker: According to the SERE affiliate and two other sources familiar with the program, after September 11 several psychologists versed in SERE techniques began advising interrogators at Guantánamo Bay and elsewhere. Clearly coercive. The CIA's operation and management of the program complicated, and in some cases impeded, the national security missions of other. In response to this and other new legislation, the 2007 memo provided legal authorization and OLC approval for a more limited set of actions for use when interrogating high-value detainees. The techniques are indistinguishable. [154] According to the CIA, enhanced interrogation "conditions" were used for security and "other valid reasons, such as to create an environment conducive to transitioning captured and resistant terrorist (sic) to detainees participating in debriefings." General Counsel Mora and Navy Judge Advocate General Michael Lohr believed the detainee treatment to be unlawful, and campaigned among other top lawyers and officials in the Defense Department to investigate, and to provide clear standards prohibiting coercive interrogation tactics. "[56], After the Justice Department completed what are now known as the Torture Memos, Condoleezza Rice told the CIA that the techniques were approved in July 2002. Its Ombudsman Alicia Shepard's defense of the policy was that "calling waterboarding torture is tantamount to taking sides. September 2006 vom Kongress verabschiedet und am 17. The FBI agents wrote in memorandums that were never meant to be disclosed publicly that they had seen female interrogators forcibly squeeze male prisoners' genitals, and that they had witnessed other detainees stripped and shackled low to the floor for many hours. 's Torture Program Looked Like to the Tortured", "Psychologie, ,weiße Folter' und die Verantwortlichkeit von Wissenschaftlern", "Psychology, 'White Torture' and the Responsibility of Scientists", "CIA Torture Report: The Most Stunning Findings", "John Yoo: If the Torture Report Is True, CIA Officers Are at Legal Risk - The Atlantic", "Top takeaways from the CIA torture report - CNNPolitics.com", "Newly released CIA files expose grim details of agency interrogation program", "The suppressed fact: Deaths by U.S. torture - Salon.com", "Senate report: Interrogation methods 'far worse' than CIA acknowledged", "Senate Torture Report Faults CIA for Brutality and Deceit", "C.I.A. 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